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1 Peter 1-2

by Chuck Smith

Tonight let’s turn to First Peter chapter one. Of the many disciples that were following Jesus, He chose twelve to be apostles. One of the twelve that was chosen as an apostle was Simon Peter. Simon Peter was by profession a fisherman. He was called by the Lord from fishing for those Saint Peter’s fish in the Sea of Galilee to become a fisher of men, and was a very impulsive person by nature, according to tradition, a very big man physically. He became one of the leaders in the church. And now he is writing his first epistle introducing himself as,

Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers (1:1)

The word translated “scattered” there is the Greek word “disperse.”

throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia (1:1),

During the beginning of the early church, there arose persecution against the church in Jerusalem. And as the result of that persecution, many of the Christians were scattered abroad throughout the world. And it is to these Christians, who have been dispersed as the result of persecution, which is recorded in the book of Acts, that Peter is addressing this epistle, primarily to the Jewish believers scattered because of the persecution in Jerusalem. But the epistle does also include Gentile believers as is noted in chapter two, verse ten. He calls them,

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God (1:2)

There is the doctrine of election; God having elected those who would be the heirs of salvation. The election of God is based upon His foreknowledge. You do not read of election apart from the foreknowledge of God. Now if you believe that God does know all things, you should have no problem with the doctrine of election. If you have a limited God that has only a limited knowledge, then you could have problems with the doctrine of election.

Paul tells us in Ephesians 1 that “we were chosen in Him before the foundation of the world” (Ephesians 1:4). Here election is according to the foreknowledge of God.

Now let’s put it this way. Does God know everything? We believe that He does. “Known unto Him are all things,” James said, “from the beginning” (Acts 15:18). If God knows all things, then God can’t learn anything. It’s impossible for Him to learn anything because He already knows it. If God is ever going to know anything, then He already knows it.

You see, the problem that we have is living within this time continuum. We think of everything, and as Chuck Missler says, ”in the linear”; but God is outside of our time dimension. And looking down from His vantage, He can see the beginning and the ending at the same time. And so He knows all things from the beginning.

So if God will ever know who is going to be saved, then He has always known who He is going to, who is going to be saved; that’s God’s foreknowledge. And as the result of that foreknowledge, knowing those that would respond to His love and to His grace through Jesus Christ, He has elected that they should be the children of God, and so the election according to foreknowledge.

           And Peter in several places here does bring out this idea of called and elected, and all, and the foreknowledge of God involved with it. “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God”

the Father, through (1:2)

the work of the Holy Spirit within our lives, that’s

sanctification [or being set apart] by the Spirit, unto the obedience and the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ (1:2).

So the work of the Trinity in our salvation is “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God, set apart by the Spirit of God, and then cleansed by the blood of Jesus Christ.” To those he said,

Grace, and peace, be multiplied (1:2).

Charis, the typical Greek greeting, the grace; Shalom, the typical Jewish greeting, peace. Let them be multiplied.

Blessed be God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead (1:3),

He begins his epistle with sort of a doxology. “Blessed be God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ who has begotten us again.” Now this idea is that of being born again, “begotten of God”, I’ve been born again, “to a living hope.” Hope is so essential. It’s just a part of man’s character and it’s the thing that keeps you going. A lot of times we just give up, except we hope that things are going to turn around. And so that hope is the thing that keeps a person going. I hope it’s going to change so I hold on.

The disciples had come to hope in Jesus Christ as the Messiah. When they saw the miracles that He did, when they heard His teaching, they became convinced that He was the Messiah. When Jesus said to the disciples there at Caesarea Philippi, “Who do you say that I am?” Peter said, ”You’re the Messiah. You’re the Son of the living God”. Jesus said, “Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: flesh and blood did not reveal this, but my Father” (Matthew 16:17). They had come to believe; they were convinced that Jesus was the Messiah, but the cross changed things.

Now from the beginning they did not understand how that the Messiah could suffer and die. They only took those Scriptures of the Old Testament that spoke about the Messiah reigning, and they were planning their place in the kingdom when He set up His kingdom and He began to reign as King. And they would even argue among themselves as who’s going to be the greatest. I’m going to be this, I’m going to be that. And of course, James and John’s mother came and said, "Lord, I want a favor. When You establish Your kingdom, let my two sons sit on Your right hand." And they were looking forward to the immediate establishing of the kingdom of God.

And whenever Jesus would talk to them about His impending death, they would get upset. When Jesus started talking about it just after Peter said, “You’re the Messiah”, and He started talking about His death, Peter began to rebuke Him and said, “Lord, be that far from thee”. They did not understand the place of the cross in redemption until after the resurrection.

So during those three days when Jesus died, they died. Hope died. I mean, they were shattered. And when Jesus met the two disciples on the road to Emmaus, and they were walking down the path so disconsolate, Jesus said to them, What’s the problem, fellows? How come you look so sad? What happened?

They said, You must be a stranger around here if you don’t know the things that have been going on lately in Jerusalem.

 He said, What things? What you talking about?

How Jesus of Nazareth, a man of God, mighty in the word and in deed, who went about doing good, healing the sick, and we had hoped in Him for the salvation of Israel; but they crucified Him. They killed Him. We had hoped that He was the Messiah. We had hoped that He was the deliverer. But they killed Him, it’s all over. Hope is dead.

And Jesus said, "O fools and slow of heart. Haven’t you read the Scriptures?" And He began from Moses and on through the Old Testament, began to expound the Scriptures that referred to the suffering and the death of Messiah. And when they came to Emmaus, Jesus pretended like He was going to continue on and they said, Oh, no, no, it’s too late; you come with us.

 And so as He broke bread, they recognized Him and He disappeared. And they said, Oh, didn’t our hearts burn within us as He spoke the word to us on the road? We should have known. And they ran all the way back to Jerusalem, some nine miles, to share with these other disciples that Jesus is risen indeed. We had hoped; hope was dead.

Now Peter is saying, “Thank God, blessed be God who has… we’ve been born again. The hope was dead but we’ve been born again, but now it’s a living hope because of the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.”

You see, the hope that we have tonight is a living hope and the basis of our hope in eternal life. The basis of our hope for the kingdom of God is the fact that Jesus rose from the dead. That’s the foundation of the hope that we have tonight.

Had Jesus not been raised from the dead, then there would be no Christian church. There’d be no basis for a Christian church. But His resurrection has made the hope more than just a hope, it’s a living hope that we have tonight as the result of the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. But it’s more than that. It’s the hope of the inheritance that is ours as sons of God, joint heirs with Jesus Christ.

Paul, in his prayer for the Ephesians, was “that they might know what was the hope of their calling” (Ephesians 1:18). Do you know what is the hope that God has for you in the future? Do you know of the inheritance that God has for you? The plans that God has for your eternal future? Do you know the glories of dwelling with Him in His kingdom forever? Paul prayed, "Oh, that you might know what is the hope of your calling." It’s a living hope,

Of an inheritance that is incorruptible, and undefiled, and fades not away, and it’s reserved in heaven for you (1:4),

Now interestingly enough, the Bible always balances the teaching of the sovereignty of God with the responsibility of man and the Bible teaches both truths. We cannot always reconcile them in our minds as we try to follow steps of logic and carry it out to a logical end. Somewhere it breaks down and we lose it. But the Bible does teach both, that God is sovereign, but it also teaches that there is that part of man’s responsibility. Man must respond to God. So there is that human responsibility that counterbalances the sovereignty of God.

Here Peter is telling us of the sovereignty of God. You have been elected according to God’s foreknowledge. Set apart by the Holy Spirit, cleansed from your sins through the blood of Jesus Christ. You have been begotten by God, unto a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. There is an inheritance waiting for you. It’s incorruptible, it’s undefiled, it fades not away; it’s reserved. Got your name on it. Reserved in heaven for you who are kept by the power of God.

Now in this, all up unto this point is what God has done in God’s sovereignty. It’s all God’s work. You don’t have a thing to do with this yet. It is all the work of God up to this point. So now he gets to your part. Your part of the whole thing,

Who are kept by the power of God through faith (1:5)

What is your part? Just believing. You know, God’s done all the work. He didn’t leave anything as important as the work to someone as weak as you. You’d mess it up. So God did all the work and all that is left for you to do is to believe the work of God.

They said to Jesus one day, “What must we do, to do the works of God?” And Jesus said, “This is the work of God, just believe on him who he has sent” (John 6:28,29). And so God has done the work; God’s part, all of this was God’s part. Then He finally gets to your part: through faith, just believing and trusting that work of God.

 Wherein ye greatly rejoice (1:6),

I rejoice in that work of God in my behalf. I rejoice in the inheritance that I have. I rejoice in that hope of eternal life through Jesus Christ, the living hope because He rose from the dead. And I rejoice in it. I greatly rejoice.

though now for a season, [Paul said] if need be, you are in heaviness because of the manifold trials (1:6):

Christianity and Jews, they had two strikes against them. The Jews had rebelled against the Roman authority. Within six years of Peter’s writing this epistle, they were to begin another rebellion, which was to bring really the destruction of Jerusalem under the siege of Titus, and then once more they were to rebel when they were utterly destroyed during the reign of Hadrian, Barcoba holding out in that little village of Bara which was much like the story of Masada, but it’s -- there were no survivors or no Josephus Flavius to record it and so we know so little about it.

But the Jews did experience, even in those days, persecution because they were a Jew. Secondly, they received persecution because they were Christians. The Jewish Christians: double jeopardy. And so they had persecution where they went. And Peter speaks about your rejoicing greatly in the future, though at the present, you’re going through some pretty heavy trials. But know this,

the trial of your faith [is actually] more precious than gold, [that perishes when it is tried in the fire,] that perisheth, though it be tried with fire; [that your faith] might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ (1:7):

In other words, these were all purifying experiences that you were going through and God so often uses trials as purging or purifying instruments in our lives. As a fire to burn out the dross, God puts us through the trials in order that we might be refined and purified. “The trial of your faith is really more valuable than gold that perishes, though your faith be tried with fire, the purpose of God is that it might be found unto the praise and honor and glory at the revelation here [apocalypses] of Jesus Christ.”

Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with a joy that’s indescribable and full of glory (1:8):

So we are in much the same condition as these to whom Peter was writing. We’ve not seen Jesus but yet we love Him. “Whom having not seen, I still love Him”. And I rejoice in this hope, in this inheritance, in this eternal life in salvation, with a joy that is indescribable. I cannot describe to you the joy that is in my heart. I don’t have words. I don’t have the vocabulary that can describe the ecstasy that is mine as a child of God. It’s a joy indescribable; it’s just full of glory.

Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls (1:9).

That’s where my faith is going to ultimate, in the salvation. So faith is tried. My life is taken through these fiery trials that my faith might appear when Christ is revealed, the revelation of Jesus Christ, and receiving salvation of our souls.

Of which salvation the prophets inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow (1:10-11).

Now he is saying here that the prophets didn’t really understand all of the things that they wrote. We remember when Daniel was seeking understanding of some of the things that he was writing about; the Lord just said, Daniel, just seal it up. It’s not for now. It’s for the future. And in the last days, knowledge will be increased. They’ll understand it then. So you just seal it up. It’s not given unto you to know at this particular point.

There is a psalm, and I forget just which one it is now but it says, Psalm 22, “These things are written” [is it?] “for a generation that shall come.” In other words, I’m writing things I really don’t know about and as I try to understand them, all I know is that I’m writing these things for a generation that is to come. It’s not really something that I fully understand. And so -- it’s not in twenty-two, I forget where it was, but there’s a psalm there. You search it out. Thirty-one. All right, very good. Which verse? 22:31. Oh, I was right in twenty-two. Okay, yes, all right. Got you now.

“They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.” In other words, you know, it will come to pass later on. 

And 30, “A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted the Lord for generation. They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto the people it shall be born” (Psalm 22:30-31).

So writing for the future, they really were curious. Now I can imagine the problem that Isaiah had when he wrote of the Messiah. For in chapter nine, he said, “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. And of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, to order it, and to establish it in righteousness and in judgment from henceforth even forever. For the zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this” (Isaiah 9:6,7). And he’s writing of the Messiah and you know He’s going to reign on the throne of David, this whole thing.

And then in Isaiah 53, he talks about Him being “numbered with the transgressors” in his death. “Wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace upon him; with his stripes we are healed. For all of us like sheep have gone astray; we’ve turned every one of us to our own ways; and God laid on him the iniquities of us all. He was smitten, stricken, and we esteemed him not” (Isaiah 53:3-7,12). And so he writes these things that seem to be totally incongruent, going to be put to death, and yet he’s going to reign forever on the throne of David.

Now Isaiah being inspired by the Holy Spirit had to write what the Holy Spirit said. Imagine Isaiah thought to himself, What in the world am I writing here? This doesn’t make sense. How can He reign forever on the throne of David and yet be put to death?

And so the prophets writing of this grace that should come to you, they were searching in their own minds and hearts what manner of time the Spirit of Christ was referring to that was in them, when He testified beforehand of the sufferings of Christ. They themselves did not understand their prophecies concerning the sufferings of the Messiah.

And in that Psalm 22 that we referred to earlier, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from the cry of the my roaring? I cry in the daytime, and thou hearest not; in the night seasons, and am not silent. But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of thy people Israel” (Psalm 22:1-3).

And then he goes on to describe death by crucifixion, wondering, what am I writing about? The Messiah, and yet I am talking about Him being pierced, piercing his hands and his feet. And so they themselves wondered, when they wrote of the suffering of the Messiah, they couldn’t put it together in their mind. But “the glory that should follow”; He was going to be put to death, He was going to suffer and yet, He was going to enter into the eternal glory, “the glory that would follow.”

So they did not understand these things. They searched diligently. They sought to know them and understand them but they were not written for them at that time, but written that later on, after the events had transpired, people then would understand the plan of God in redemption. And see the necessity of the death of Jesus Christ, in order that we might be redeemed, in order that we might be called of God a holy nation, a royal priesthood, that we should bring forth fruit unto His grace through Jesus Christ.

So unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported among you by them which have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into (1:12).

So here’s the thing that God just sort of kept secret; His plan of grace and redemption through Jesus Christ. Even the angels desired to look into these things that were being ministered by the Holy Spirit through the apostles.

Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind (1:13),

Now the idea of girding up your loins, it’s a phrase that it has a cultural kind of a thing to it. You don’t know anything about it in our culture. But in those days, the men wore these long robes down to their feet. Now when you want to run or when you really want to go to work, it is cumbersome to have a robe down to your ankles; hard to run in something like that.

So if you’re going to run, or if you’re going to get out and really do some work, what they would do is pull the skirt up and they would tie it around the waist. So then it’s a short skirt and with that you can run or you can work. So it means, you know, get busy, go to work on this. Go to work in your mind on these things. “Gird up the loins of your mind,”

be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that shall be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ (1:13);

So “gird up your minds, be sober, this grace that is brought unto you and shall be brought when Jesus again reveals Himself, the revelation, the coming of Jesus Christ.”

As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lust in your ignorance (1:14):

Not living as you used to live when you were ignorant of the truth of God. Not living as you used to live before you were born again by the work of God’s Holy Spirit within your life.

You see, the natural man is body, mind and spirit. The mind being ruled over by the body and the body appetites. The born-again man is a spiritual man. He’s born by the Spirit. And born again means that you are now living a spirit-mind-body existence. Prior to being born again, you lived a body-mind-spirit. Body-mind-spirit; mind controlled by the body and the body appetites. Being born again you now live a spirit-mind-body existence. The body doesn’t rule anymore. You’re not ruled by the lust of your flesh. You found that life is more than just eating and drinking.

But now ruled by the Spirit, you now have the mind of the Spirit and your mind now is on things of the Spirit. They that are of the Spirit do mind the things of the Spirit. They that are of the flesh do mind the things of the flesh. But the mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the Spirit is life and joy and peace.

So Peter here is saying, As obedient children, don’t fashion your life after the former life, which was lived after the lust of your flesh, governed over by your flesh; your mind and life governed by your fleshly desires.

And as you look around at the world today, the world apart from Christ is a world that is governed by the desires of their flesh. That’s what a person lives for, to fulfill their fleshly need. That’s what the world talks about.

But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all your manner of living (1:15);

So we’ve been called to live a separated life. A life of holiness, a life of purity, not living after our flesh or the desires of our flesh, but living after the Spirit.

Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy (1:16).

God’s declaration when He gave the law unto the people.

And if you call on the Father, who without respect of persons judges according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear (1:17):

That is, in reverence of God.

Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from that empty former life (1:18);

Again, as obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lust in your ignorance: no longer ignorant of the things of God and the things of the Spirit. So we no longer live that empty life after the flesh, but now the rich life after the Spirit. We’ve been redeemed, set free from the bondage of sin, set free from the slavery to our flesh. “Not with corruptible things, as silver and gold.”

Silver and gold have only temporal value. There’s no eternal value to them at all, only temporal value. When you’re talking about a man’s soul, you’re talking about something that is eternal. You cannot purchase something that is eternal with things of temporal value. You cannot buy salvation; you cannot earn salvation. You do not deserve salvation. It is a gift of God and is a work of grace. It is something that you receive, the work which God has done. So we’ve been redeemed, not with corruptible things like silver and gold from that empty life that we used to live.

that we received by tradition from our fathers (1:18).

And of course, writing to the Jews, he’s writing about all of the traditional things that the Jew is, even to the present day, caught up in. And, I mean, they have a lot of tradition. Now we do, too. I mean, we’ve got just a lot of traditional things that are deeply ingrained in our culture that it would be better -- we would be better off if we could get rid of them. This tradition of celebration of Christmas; it’s only traditional. Oh, Scrooge. Do away with Christmas; how could you? But you see how we sort of recoil at the thought of not celebrating Christmas because it’s so deeply a part of our traditions.

But you see, the church only put a Christian name on a pagan holiday, so that the Christians could join in the celebration of the pagan holiday and make it legitimate for Christians to join in. Christians didn’t want to feel left out of this pagan celebration of Saturnalia, the passing of the winter solstice. And so they put a Christian name to it. They said oh, it’s Christmas. It’s Christ-mas and we’ll celebrate the birthday of Jesus though He wasn’t born December 25; yet we’d, you know, we’d celebrate the birthday of Jesus.

And so you can all go out and you can do the things that the world does. You can buy your gifts and you can decorate your trees and you can, you know, join the pagan world in their celebration of Saturnalia. Helping the poor old solstice.  Be sure and put the lights around the house and on your trees and all, so that you can help the sun make it through, you know.

After all, we got to help poor old sole; he’s about to die. Days are getting shorter; every day is getting shorter. It’s just about gone the twenty-second of December. Oh, it’s almost -- this is about it, you know. It’s almost over; sun is just about ready to flicker out. Get your candles lit; get your lights lit, you know. Help it out and oh, all right, by the twenty-fifth, it’s observable that the days are getting longer. We made it. We helped the old sun.

All right, let’s celebrate. Let’s get drunk and let’s pass out presents and let’s decorate trees and, you know, have a big celebration. The sun made it through. Let’s legitimize it though for Christians so it’s Christ-mas, celebrate the birthday of Jesus.

Make sure that your celebration is more Christian than pagan, please. The vain traditions received from our fathers; hard to break from, isn’t it? But we’ve been redeemed not with the corruptible things from that empty life of vain traditions.

But with the precious blood of Jesus Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot (1:19):

Redemption; this is all intertwined back in the Old Testament, the idea, the concept of redemption, the idea of a sacrificial lamb. Going back to the Passover. The firstborn to be slain in every household. Protect your house. Take a lamb out of the flock. Let the lamb be the substitute for the firstborn. Take a lamb of the first year without spot and without blemish. Kill it, put its blood in a basin and with hyssop, sprinkle the blood on the lintels and the door post of your house, and when I pass through the land tonight, when I see the blood, I will pass over that house. I’ll know that there’s been a sacrifice, a substitute lamb for the firstborn of the house. I’ll pass over that house.

And so this idea of a sacrificial lamb, God having provided ultimately His Lamb, His Son Jesus Christ, who shed His blood for the redemption of man. So the price of redemption, the blood of Jesus Christ.

Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world (1:20),

Again, God had planned before He even created the world. Knowing that man would fail. Knowing that man would sin, but desiring to prove and to show to man how much He loved him. God planned, before the foundation of the world, to demonstrate His love by the sending of His Son, to bear man’s sin, to take the responsibility of your guilt and to die in your place; thus proving that God loves you. You never need to doubt the love of God. All you have to do is look at the cross of Jesus Christ and there God has declared, “manifested His love towards us, in that, while we were sinners, Christ died for the ungodly” (Romans 5:8).

And so was ordained or “foreordained before the foundation of the world” but was manifest, though it was planned of God from the beginning, it was not fulfilled until Jesus came and went to the cross.

manifest in these last times for you, Who by him [by Jesus Christ] you believe in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. Seeing that you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that you love one another with a pure heart fervently: (1:20-22)

And truly the message of the Gospel to those who have received it is that we are to love one another. Jesus said, “A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another, even as I have loved you. By this sign shall men know that you are my disciples, that you love one another” (John 13:34-35). And Paul describes the kind of love that we’re to have for each other. “Love suffers long, and is kind; it envies not; it doesn’t vaunt itself, is not proud, isn’t puffed up, doesn’t behave itself strangely, seeks not its own. But believes all things, bears all things, hopes all things, endures all things. It never fails” (1 Corinthians 13:4-8). That’s the kind of love we’re to have for one another. Loving one another with a pure heart fervently.

The greatest demonstration the church can give to the world is the love within the body for each other. Loving one another with unfeigned, that is, not that fake love that is so often a part of the whole world scene. "Oh darling, I love that dress you’re wearing tonight." Just phony. People say, "Oh, I don’t go to church because so many hypocrites in the church." Then you should not go to movies. There’s more hypocrisy in that crowd than there is in any church crowd. Unfeigned love. Not faking it. “Love each other with a pure heart fervently.”

Being born again (1:23),

Now “thanks be unto God who has begotten us again.”

Being born again, not of corruptible seed (1:23),

Now I was -- I was born once of corruptible seed. I am the by-product of my dad and mom. Receiving twenty-three chromosomes from each, I am an interesting composite of them both. But the fact that it is corruptible seed is very obvious by the aging processes that have taken place, through the years of the catabolic forces have worked, and I’m gradually eroding away. Born once of corruptible seed. But I’ve been born again of incorruptible seed, the new life that I have. Is it going to pass? It’s going on forever. “Being born again not of corruptible seed,”

but of incorruptible, by the word of God (1:23),

It was the word of God planted in my heart that brought forth spiritual life. For “the word of God is alive, and powerful, sharper than a two-edged sword, able [to decide] to divide between the bone and marrow, soul and the spirit” (Hebrews 4:12). It’s a discerner of the thoughts and the intents of the hearts of man. I’ve been born again by the word of God.

Jesus said, “A sower went forth to sow in the field and he planted his seed. Some fell on the wayside, some fell on stony ground, some fell among thorns, some fell on good ground”. And then later on He said -- Now the disciples said, ”Lord, explain to us that parable. What were you talking about?” And Jesus said, “The field is the world and the seed is the Word of God” (Luke 8:5-11). We’ve been born again by incorruptible seed, the Word of God, that incorruptible seed whereby we have been born into a spiritual life. And though the old man perishes day by day, the new man is renewed by the Spirit.

Hey, I’m stronger, healthier than I’ve ever been in my whole life spiritually. Though I have more aches and pains and decrepitness in the old body than I’ve ever had in my whole life physically. As the old man perishes, the new man is becoming stronger day by day. And one of these days this old body just isn’t going to be able to handle the new man. And so my spirit will move from this corrupting body into “the new building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens” (2 Corinthians 5:1).

This inheritance that is incorruptible, undefiled, fades not away, reserved in heaven for me because I’m being kept by the power of God through faith.

So the flesh is like grass, and all of the glory of man is like the flower of grass. The grass withers, the flower thereof falls away: But the word of God endures for ever (1:24-25).

So things that are passing, things that are lasting. We’ve been redeemed not with corruptible things that are going to pass away, silver and gold; but with the precious blood of Jesus Christ. I’ve been born again, not with the corruptible seed but the incorruptible, the Word of God, “which lives and abides forever” (1:23).

Jesus said, “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away” (Matthew 24:35). The universe is gradually wearing down. The sun is giving off 1,200,000 tons of mass every second. Gradually wearing down; that is, irrecoverable mass. One day the sun’s going to flicker and die. But maybe we’ll go into supernova first, flare and die. They estimate another fifteen, twenty billion years and the sun’s going to have it, have had it. That’s right, the word of God will still be around. I’ll still be around because I’ve been born by the word of God into this incorruption, this new life, this eternal life.

“Heaven and earth will pass away; my word”, Jesus said, “will never pass away.” I’ve been born by that word of God, that word which abides forever. The flesh, all flesh is as grass. That is, it’s going to perish. It’s going to, like the flower, it’s going to wither and die. But the word of the Lord endures forever.

And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you (1:25).

Hey, we got something. We’ve got hold of something here that’s eternal, something that’s going to last forever. And I have been born again by that into this eternal life.

Chapter 2

Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisy, and all envying, and all evil speakings (2:1),

Set these things aside, we’re to love one another with a pure heart fervently. Set aside the envying, the hypocrisy, the guile, the evil speaking.

And as newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that you may grow thereby: If so be that you have tasted that the Lord is gracious (2:2-3).

There are so many people who desire sensationalism. They desire the hot fudge sundaes, and you can see them advertising the spiritual hot fudge sundaes in the paper every Sunday, you know. Come and see; come and taste the hot fudge, you know, delicious, and ours is more exciting than anybody else’s. Guaranteed to titillate your sensors, get you excited emotionally; you don’t grow by that, though, that’s the problem.

You see, it may taste good, it may be exciting to eat, but it isn’t nourishing. It doesn’t strengthen you. It has very little value when the real testing comes. You’ll find yourself weak and anemic. But if you have partaken of the word of God and you know from the word, God is good, God is gracious; then when the trials come, you’re strengthened by that word and that knowledge of the goodness and the graciousness of God. So “desire the sincere milk of the word that you might grow thereby.” Just like a new baby.

And how I love to see these new babes in Christ. These people have just been born again by the Spirit recently, how I love to see them devouring the word. I get a thrill every time I go by the tape library and I see people carrying bags of tapes in and carrying bags of tapes out. I love it!

Some people came to me this morning. They said they were going to be here tonight, and they said we came from our ranch in Texas. They live twelve miles out of a big metropolis of twelve hundred people. Now in Texas, you know, you can get lost way out there in the country. And these people live way out there, but they said, ”We’ve been feeding off of yours and Chuck Missler’s tapes, and we just had to come out here and to see you and just to give you thanks. And we’re going to be in Chuck’s class on Monday night, too, because we want to thank him”. I love it!

The word of God going out, “desire the sincere milk of the word that you may grow thereby.” It’s the word of God that feeds you, that develops spiritual growth. You cannot grow spiritually apart from the word of God. Now I would like to emphasize that. You can only experience spiritual growth through the word. It is the food that feeds the spiritual man and apart from the word of God, you cannot experience real spiritual growth. You can experience spiritual excitement through experiences and sensationalism, but you cannot experience real growth. That takes the word of God.

So “desire the sincere milk of the word that you may grow as newborn babes.

If so be, you’ve tasted that the Lord is gracious. [The Lord] To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious (2:3-4), It’s interesting to me. Here’s big old, rough Peter, the fisherman, I mean; he’s just as tough as nails, you know, he’s ready for anything. Ready for a fight. You want to fight? You know, want to take Jesus? Man, I’ll -- he draws a sword, he starts to flail. You know what I mean? He's ready for it, against him all these soldiers. Hey, you'll see it out, you know, tough, rough guy. And what seems to be his favorite word when he gets, you know, he’s a marshmallow.

I mean, you come to the things of the Spirit. His favorite word is “precious”. Now that’s not a word for a big, tough guy, you know, “precious”. I love the way the Lord makes marshmallows out of some of these jocks. It’s beautiful to me. And so all the way through you find Peter using this word “precious”. I think that’s precious.

So coming to Jesus,

to whom as we come to Him, as unto the living stones, though disallowed indeed of men, but he is chosen of God, and he is precious (2:4).

 precious blood of Jesus Christ.

Now Jesus is referred to as the stone. In the book of Deuteronomy chapter thirty-two, the song of Moses, God is referred to there as a rock and the gods of the heathen as rock. Their rock is not as our rock, he said. And there are references to God as a rock.

In the book of Daniel, in the vision of, or dream of Nebuchadnezzar, he saw this huge image that represented the kingdoms of men; beginning with the Babylonian kingdom and the succession of kingdoms through the Medo-Persian, Grecian, the Roman, until this final world governing kingdom of ten nations. He watched this great image until there came a rock, not cut with hands, and he saw this great image in its feet so that the whole image crumbled and the rock grew into a mountain that covered the earth.

Now when the Lord explained that dream to Nebuchadnezzar, the rock is the coming of Jesus Christ. He is the rock not cut with hands that will bring an end to the worldly governments and will establish God’s kingdom that will cover the earth and never end. When Moses was taking the children of Israel through the wilderness and they cried for water, Moses took his rod and struck the rock according to the commandment of God and water came forth.

Now Paul tells us that that rock that was with them in the wilderness was Christ, that rock smitten; that is, at the cross whereby the water of life flows out unto man. Water was -- they were dying.  They were perishing of thirst in the wilderness ready to die, until the water flowed forth out of the rock, the water of life. They drank and they were sustained.

Even so, we perishing in the wilderness of sin, ready to die, Jesus smitten for us, the water of life flows forth and we drink and we are saved. We have life. That’s why the second time when they cried to Moses for water and he went in to God and God said, ”Speak to the rock and it will bring forth water”. But Moses in his anger went out and he said, “Must I smite this rock again to give you water?” And he smote it the second time, and God said, Moses, that was a mistake that you’re going to have to pay for.

You see, the rock once smitten never needs to be smitten again. Jesus doesn’t have to die again. He doesn’t have to be crucified again. Once smitten, all you have to do to receive the water of life is to speak to the Rock. Just call upon Jesus Christ.

So here he says, coming now to this stone, this living stone that was disallowed by the builders; that is, Jesus was rejected by the Jews as the Messiah, but yet He was chosen of God, and precious.

Now you also, as living stones, are built up as a spiritual house (2:5),

The church, a spiritual house; you are a holy priesthood. We’ll be called a royal priesthood soon. But here,

a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ (2:5).

Now what are the spiritual sacrifices that we offer up? You remember in the fifty-first psalm, even David had a hint. He said, “Sacrifices and offerings thou wouldest not or thou delightest not in”. In another psalm he said, “Sacrifices and offerings thou wouldest not, but a body thou has prepared me”, in his Psalm, I think it's 89, in reference to Jesus. But in Psalm 51, ”Sacrifice and offering you take no delight in but the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. And a broken spirit and a contrite heart thou would not despise”. So he speaks of a spiritual sacrifice, a broken spirit before the Lord.

Then in the book of Hebrews chapter thirteen, “Let us then offer unto God the sacrifice of praise, even the fruit of our lips unto him” (Hebrews 13:15). So the spiritual sacrifices that we offer to God are our praises unto Him. Coming before Him with a broken heart, offering our praises to God.

As a priest I have access, and that was the thing of the priesthood; he had access to God. And as a priest, a holy priesthood that I have, as a child of God; I can offer spiritual sacrifices. I can come to God and worship Him and praise Him and offer Him these spiritual sacrifices, the fruit of my lips unto Him. “Which sacrifices are acceptable unto God by Jesus Christ.” If offered in Jesus’ name, if offered through Jesus, they’re acceptable.

Wherefore also it is contained in the Scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect and precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded or confused. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which are disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head cornerstone (2:6-7).

Now this particular psalm, no doubt, impressed Peter pretty much. Because when Peter was called before the council in the fourth chapter of Acts to answer for the miracle that was done to the lame man at the temple; Peter said, If we are examined today because of the good deed done to this impotent or lame man, judge ye. But we, you know, have done it in the name of Jesus Christ. Be it known unto you, all you that dwell in Jerusalem that by the name of Jesus Christ, this man stands here before you whole. And He is the stone, Peter said, which was set of naught by you builders, but he’s the same, has become the chief cornerstone, and neither is there salvation in any other.

Now there is in the psalm this reference and Messianic reference to the Messiah, Psalm 118, of the stone, which was set of naught by the builders becoming the chief cornerstone, work of the Lord. A prophecy concerning Jesus Christ. A prophecy, that He would be disallowed or rejected by the religious leadership.

But yet, God has ordained that He should be the chief cornerstone, and of course, He is that chief cornerstone upon which the church is built. Jesus said, ”Upon this rock I will build my church”. What rock? Peter’s confession, ”Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God”. The church has been built on that chief cornerstone. Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the Son of the living God.

Now there is a story that in the building of Solomon’s temple, the stones were all quarried away from the temple site and brought to the temple site. They were quarried and actually chiseled out so that they were built in such an interlocking way and chiseled out to such perfection that they used no mortar. The stones just set on each other without even the use of mortar being hewn out so accurately and carefully. And that as each stone came, those builders would just place it in the building, but no sound of hammer, trowel or whatever went on in the building of the temple. That was all done in the quarry away from the temple. And that story goes, that this one stone came and the builders looked for it on the plans, they couldn’t see where it fit in the building and finally, they just tossed the thing over in the bushes. Cast it aside.

And when the temple was complete, they were missing this chief cornerstone. So they sent to the quarry, All right, we’re ready now for the ceremony; we want to put in the cornerstone, and all, and get this thing out. Where is this cornerstone? And the quarry foreman sent back and said, I sent it to you already. It’s been marked off on my inventory. They said, Well, it’s not here, we don’t have any. He said, Well I’ve already sent it. It’s already gone, you know. And so some fellow went over in the bushes and found this stone that they had thrown away. And they realized, Wow, this is the chief cornerstone of the whole building; the one that’s been rejected.

And so an interesting prophecy, then, that experience. The prophecy of what would happen with the temple, became the fulfillment with Jesus. The stone disallowed by the builders, but yet has become the chief cornerstone. And as Peter said, There’s not salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. So the twofold effect, though; He is made the head of the corner but yet He is,

A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, unto those which stumble (2:8)

Jesus is a cornerstone, the foundation upon which the church is built, but yet He is also a stumbling stone. The Jews stumble over Him because of the crucifixion. They could not understand the Messiah being crucified and so they stumbled over this stone. He became a rock of offence to them.

Paul speaks of Christ crucified, to the Jews foolishness -- I mean to the Greeks foolishness, but to the Jews an offence; “but unto us which are saved the power of God” (1 Corinthians 1:18). And so he is a “rock of offence even to them which stumble.”

at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed (2:8).

Now again, the idea of God’s fore-ordination and election and they were appointed unto this disobedience.

But ye are a chosen generation (2:9),

Jesus said, “I have chosen you, and ordained you, that you should be my disciples” (John 15:16). You are,

a royal priesthood, you are a holy nation, you are a people destined for a possession (2:9)

That “peculiar people” is a poor translation. You go around with your eyes crossed and tongue hanging out, you know, peculiar people. It’s a bad translation. You are a people destined for a possession. The word in the Greek is possession. You’re a people of the possession. You are to possess the kingdom, destined to possess the kingdom of God.

that you should show forth the praises of him who called you out of the darkness into his marvellous light (2:9):

And so the purpose of God, that you should show forth the praises of God through your life because God has called you out of darkness. When Jesus called Paul to go forth and preach the Gospel, as he is relating his experience of conversion unto king Agrippa, and he tells him of that call of God upon his heart; it was to open the eyes and to turn them from darkness to light, from the power of Satan to God, that they might receive the forgiveness of sins and the inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith in Jesus. Turn them, you have been delivered from the power of darkness. You’ve been redeemed from the power of darkness and brought into the glorious kingdom of light.

Wherein in times past you were not the people of God, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now you’ve obtained mercy (2:10).

Time passed. You weren’t one of God’s chosen, now you are. You hadn’t received the mercy, now you have.

Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims (2:11),

Now he’s talking about your relationship to the Lord. The Bible says “love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. He that hath the love of the world in his heart hath not the love of the Father. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, the pride of life, is not of God” (1 John 2:16), but it is a part of the whole worldly system. You are not of the world. You’re a stranger. You’re a pilgrim. As a stranger and a pilgrim,

abstain from the fleshly lusts (2:11),

“All that is of the world, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes,” “abstain from these fleshly lusts,”

which war against your soul (2:11);

They would destroy you.

Having your manner of life honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they behold, glorify God in the day of visitation (2:12).

So live a life that is a witness before the world. They may say ugly things to you. They may sneer at you. They may mock you. But let your life be a witness that when the Lord raptures you, they’re going to say, Wow, that guy was right, you know. He was really a neat guy, you know, he was all right. He did the right thing, you know, oh man. So, they will.

Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake (2:13):

Now again, as a witness, as a testimony. There are some laws that are hard to live with, but as a Christian, submit yourself to them.

whether it be to the king, as supreme; Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. For so is the will of God (2:13-15),

That you submit to the ordinances of man. That’s God’s will for you.

that with your well doing you might put to silence the ignorance of foolish men (2:15):

So really, the position that the Jehovah Witnesses take in not saluting the flag and consciencious subjectors, and so forth, is really not a scriptural position. We are to submit to the ordinances of man, to every ordinance, for the Lord’s sake, even though we may grind at it, for the Lord’s sake. It’s God’s will that we not be an offence. We might put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.

As free (2:16),

I’m free to do it.

but not using your liberty as a cloak of malicious maliciousness (2:16),

Now coming back to Christmas celebration, I’m free to do it; I’m free not to do it. That’s to me the glorious thing. A Christmas tree, I’m free to have one, I’m free not to have one. Don’t get hung up in a legal kind of a thing. God doesn’t want a legal relationship with you; He wants a loving relationship with you. And so I’m free, but yet be careful that you don’t use your freedom just to cover your own maliciousness.

Say, Well, I’m free in Jesus’ name. You’re not really free to live after the flesh or the lust of your flesh; you’re free not to live after the lust of your flesh. That’s a freedom the world doesn’t have; they’re bound by their flesh. They’re slaves to their flesh. But freedom that we have in Christ is that we don’t have to live after our flesh anymore. Thank God. What a glorious freedom. So don’t use that freedom just as a cover. Well, I’m free in Jesus. I’m not under law, under grace I’m free. Don’t use that as a cloak for maliciousness.

Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king (2:17).

Now specifically, Servants, be subject to your masters with all reverence; not only to the good and the gentle, but also to the mean ones. For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience towards God endures grief, suffering wrongfully (2:18-19).

Because of my conscience towards God, I’ve been wrongfully accused and I suffer the grief of being wrongfully accused. That’s thankworthy, that’s praiseworthy. That’s grace. Actually the word is “this is grace”, if a man for conscience toward God endures grief, though he has been persecuted wrongfully.

For what glory is it, if, when you are buffeted for your faults (2:20),

And servants were often buffeted by their masters. You make a mistake and he’d come and cuff you, you know, serve some temperamental master, yell and cuff you every time you did something wrong. You are a servant. Well, a lot of times you know you walk away, and boy, if I had a chance, man, I'd really nail you one, you know. You go mumbling under your breath of revenge and everything else. But “what glory is it, if, when you are buffeted for your faults.” Say you’ve done something stupid and you get cuffed and you take it well; so what? You had it coming.

but if, when you have done well, you suffer, and you take it patiently (2:20),

This proves something.

this is acceptable with God (2:20).

Suffering wrongfully. How we hate to do this, don’t we? If we get punished when we are actually innocent, man, how we cry. I mean, I’ve had that happen to me. My father was, had a short fuse. I mean, he was very quick to react. He was a reactor. He was a responder and then he would think later.

And my youngest brother would take advantage of this. Now he came along some seven years after me so he’s just a little kid. We all loved him. I’m serious. I mean, my brother Bill, I loved him dearly. But he knew that being the little brother, he was sort of a Joseph in the family come lately. My dad said to my mom, If you will give me a redheaded freckle-face boy; buy you a Cadillac car. Well, he was born and he had red hair and of course, he developed freckles as he grew up. My mom never did get a Cadillac, but you know, promised her anything but give her our page. He did give her perfume. But my youngest brother would start screaming and my dad would come out, feeling off his belt and he’d belt my other brother and I. And after belting us, then he’d say, What happened?

Well, my youngest brother, he’d just look at us and laugh. He’d say, I’m going to get you guys in trouble, you know. If you know we had done something he didn’t like, okay, I’m going to get you and he’d start screaming. Dad would come up, give up the belting and then he’d say, All right, what happened? What happened? Well, we didn’t do anything, you know. Why was he screaming? And then he’d find out and well, I’m sorry, you know, but. And boy, I mean, we would really make my dad suffer for that kind of stuff; you know, we were punished unjustly. Oh man, we would get all righteous indignation and just, you know, you did that. But you know, in reality, I did so many things I should have gotten belted for and he never found out. But I always figured I was still on the plus side, you know.

Now Peter is saying, Look, if you deserve a spanking and you get one, and you take it patiently, so what? You had it coming. But if you don’t deserve and yet you get a spanking and you take it patiently, hey, then that’s acceptable. For God’s sake you accepted graciously persecution or buffeting or things that come your way where you are really innocent. You don’t have it coming. Rather than getting all upset and threatening and everything else, taking it patiently.

For even hereunto were you called: because Christ left us the example (2:21),

He also suffered for us. And in His suffering He left the example for us.

that we should follow his steps: [for you see] He did no sin, neither was any guile in his mouth: And when he was reviled, He didn’t revile back at them again (2:21-23);

“As the lamb before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth” (Isaiah 53:7).

when he suffered, he did not threaten (2:23);

I’ll get even with you. You wait till the day of judgment, you’ll fry, man, you know. He didn’t threaten.

but He committed himself to him that judges righteously (2:23):

And this is the thing. When things come our way, we can’t understand, just commit your life to God. Well Lord, it's all in Your hands. And don’t get all threatening and I’ll get even and all this kind of stuff. Just commit it all to God.

Jesus said, If you love those that love you; so what? The heathens do that. You should love those that hate you. Then that really proves that God’s love dwells in you. So if you’re persecuted, you got it coming; then so what? But if you don’t and you take it well, if you learn to just commit your life to God, Well, it’s all in the Lord’s hand. Oh but that isn't fair. That’s not right. I know it isn’t but yet, you know, God’s taking care of it. God will take care of it. And if we’ll learn to just commit our ways completely to God, then God will take care of it.

Now if you are out to defend yourself, then God will let you. But if you will learn to just commit the thing to God, say, "Well, the Lord will take care of it, it doesn’t matter. The Lord’s going to handle it”; then the Lord will handle it. He will take care of it. And so learn to just really commit your life to Him. As Peter will tell us in the next chapter or two, “If you suffer according to the will of God just commit the keeping of your soul to him as a faithful creator” (1 Peter 4:19).

Jesus is our example. He suffered wrongfully at the hands of man. We should follow in His steps. He didn’t pour out guile from His mouth when they were doing these things. In fact, what did He say as they were nailing Him to the tree? He said, “Father, forgive them, they know not what they do” (Luke 23:34). That’s your example. “Pray for those,” Jesus said, “who despitefully use you” (Matthew 5:44). And so you are the servant of God. “He threatened not but committed Himself to Him that judges righteously.” “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit” (Luke 23:46).

Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree (2:24),

It was your sins that Jesus was bearing there. He was suffering wrongfully. He had not sin; it was for your sins that He suffered. Bearing your sins in His body on the tree,

that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes you were healed (2:24).

I think that it is wrong to limit that healing to just spiritual healing as some seek to do. I think that it is broader than that.

For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned to the Shepherd and the overseer of your souls (2:25).

So he is quoting actually freely from Isaiah, fifty-third chapter, “All we like sheep have gone astray; we’ve turned every one to our own way; God laid on him the iniquities of us all” (Isaiah 53:6). “Who in his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree. We being dead to sins should live unto righteousness by whose stripes you are healed.” “For we were as sheep going astray. All we like sheep have gone astray but God laid on Him the iniquities of us all.”

So we have this glorious salvation, the hope, the living hope of an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, fades not away. We rejoice with a joy unspeakable in full of glory because we are heirs of eternal life through Jesus Christ. And we are going to inherit that eternal kingdom and we will live and reign with Him, world without end.

Oh, what a blessed hope and what a glorious future awaits every child of God as we wait for our King to come and manifest Himself. What good words of exhortation. Go back this next week and read the first two chapters again. Let it soak in. Let the richness of it just feed your spirit, that you might grow and become strong.

Father, thank You for Your good Word. May Your Holy Spirit now apply the truth in our daily lives. Help us, Lord, as we live in the world not to partake of the world. Help us, Lord, not to live after the flesh but to live after the Spirit, knowing that we are dead to the flesh to the old life. May we be alive unto You in and through Jesus Christ. Oh Lord, our Lord, how excellent is Thy name in all the earth. Thy glory fills the heavens and they fill our hearts and our lives tonight. May we live to the praise of Thy glory. In Jesus’ name, Amen.

So much food and all to be found there, I feel like -- I like to just start all over right now and go back through these first two chapters again. Just to, you know, suck out more of the richness that is there. But we’ll leave that for you to do on your own. Go back and review it. “Desire the sincere milk of the word that you might grow thereby.” God bless you, give you a very fulfilling week as you walk in fellowship with Him. Anointed by the Spirit of God, may you live after the Spirit, that new life of the Spirit that is yours through Christ, being born again by the Spirit to this living hope, to this inheritance that is yours through faith. God bless you and keep you in His love, in Jesus’ name.

Chuck Smith

Pastor Chuck Smith began his ministry at Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, in 1965, with just twenty-five people.